Not only that, but the responsibility for finding the time for work-related learning, and for funding it, is being shifted increasingly on to individual adults:.
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Public financial support for learners should be designed to: bring back into learning those who stopped after leaving school; address particular shortages; widen access for those who are disadvantaged; and enable individuals to choose the method of learning that suits them best. For other adults, the main responsibility will rest with them and their employers.
There is now a substantial literature in this area for example, Pascall and Cox In a modern parallel to the earlier myth of the heroic working-class man engaging in adult education in his spare time, this presents the heroic woman as striving, but struggling, to cope with the many and conflicting demands of family, work and learning. It may cause considerable personal stress, as the individual is forced to re-consider and adapt their existing beliefs to encompass new understandings.
Meaningful learning is meant to be challenging and unsettling, as learning theory suggests, but many learners are neither prepared nor able to cope with this. Learning does not invariably pay. There is a risk involved in making such investments in learning. Some will not find that new job or gain promotion.
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And, as the relative success of successive government initiatives for re-training the unemployed makes clear, many will not get any job. The strength of this counter-myth may seem self-evident from the preceding discussion, but its pervasiveness is worth emphasizing. All of the policy initiatives that were then outlined had as their primary purpose the improvement of the national skills and qualification base, and its application to the economy.
These initiatives included, for example, expanding further and higher education participation, creating the University for Industry, setting up individual learning accounts, and increasing funding for adult literacy and numeracy development. This focus on vocationally oriented education and training is, of course, by no means new. It is one that has been shared by all British, and many other, governments throughout this century.
The point is, however, that, almost regardless of the state of the British economy, non-vocational forms of education, training and learning are seldom discussed in national policy terms and receive little funding. In short, they are poorly valued by comparison with vocational education and training; and not just by government and employers, but by many individuals as well Tight b.
Students looking for definitions of specialist terms commonly turn to the dictionary for guidance, though we may urge them to at least consult a good dictionary. The notion of learning as a drug on a par with alcohol, tobacco or heroin may, at first, seem a little dubious.
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The whole dynamic of continuing education and lifelong learning is to produce and serve regular, even compulsive, customers. What we want are learning junkies, people who will start on an access course and keep going until they get their PhD, people who will haunt the company open learning centre, people who will enrol for an evening class faithfully every term. Without becoming embroiled in debate about the relative truth or falsity of any of the positions that I have outlined, I will offer three main conclusions.
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First, it is quite possible to view all of these myths and counter-myths as having some validity. It all depends upon the context: what learning and learners are being considered, and, most importantly, who is making the judgement.
Second, your perspective with regard to these, and other, myths and counter-myths will depend critically upon how you identify yourself in terms of adult education, continuing education, lifelong education or the many other available labels for our changing and confusing field. British Journal of Nursing 6 1 , ; Nolan, J. Self-directed and student-centred learning in nurse education: 2. British Journal of Nursing 6 2 , ; Slevin, O.parrepkhecore.tk
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Self-directed learning and student supervision. Nurse Education Today 11, Understanding and Facilitating Adult Learning. Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, Toronto , its introduction into curricula has not always been successful Nolan, J.
Self-directed and student-centred learning in nurse education: 1. British Journal of Nursing 6 1 , ; Nolan, J. Self-directed and student-centred learning in nurse education: 2.
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British Journal of Nursing 6 2 , ; Slevin, 0. Self-directed learning and student supervision. Nurse Education Today 11, The role of the teacher in self-directed learning. Nurse Education Today 7, ; Turunen, H.