Dynamic and socially-constructionist approaches to contentious politics have also been used to make sense of protest in the region. This is a key text for introducing contentious politics into Middle East Studies with many noteworthy contributions. Neil Ketchley.
Thursday, December 20, 2007
It has particular empirical strengths in its treatment of police repression, the uprising of 30 June , and Muslim Brotherhood mobilization throughout the period. Fourth, a body of work has taken up the challenge of the optics developed by South Asian Subaltern Studies. Stephanie Cronin, ed. London: Routledge, This important volume broaches the question of Subaltern Studies in research on the Middle East and North Africa and includes some important contributions.
Finally, in this category, a number of important works have placed ethnography front and centre, engaging debates in anthropology and oral history. Ted Swedenburg. Memories of Revolt.
- Pat of Silver Bush.
- SOAS University of London.
- Children of Fire?
Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press. This is an outstanding work drawing on oral histories of the uprising in Mandate Palestine to excavate the popular and high culture and discourse of Zionism, Arab and Palestinian nationalism, and resistance from below. This accomplished thesis is a developed ethnography of activism exploring through the lenses of space, temporality, emotion and affect how political activists in Lebanon since maintained their engagement amid disappointment and frustration. Salwa Ismail. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, These two important contributions can be read together.
The first is an ethnography of the encounters between mostly young men and the police from a popular quarter in Cairo, and the second makes the link between this past and the popular uprising of Parvin Paidar. Beth Baron. Two important works challenging Western feminism, Western categories of gay identity, and Orientalism alike, are:. Lila Abu-Lughod. Do Muslim women need saving? Joseph Massad. For the theme of Third Worldism and anti-colonial nationalism a number of contributions are outstanding:.
Political history of modern Egypt | Islami | ILIRIA International Review
Laleh Khalili. This important book is distinctive for its ethnographic approach, its tracking of transnational mobilising discourse, and compelling arguments about changing forms of nationalist commemoration.
Abdel Razzaq Takriti. Oxford: Oxford University Press, This fine book is distinctive for its thorough archival research, its pioneering status in regards to the study of Oman and Dhofar, and its attention to transnationalism and revolution.
Hugh Roberts. London: I. Tauris, This is an extraordinarily rich, original and rigorous detective hunt through the Kabylie history of collective self-government in pre-colonial Algeria, situating such forms of autonomy and confrontation in the larger Islamic-Ottoman polity. Cengiz Gunes. London and New York, Routledge, This thoroughly researched book, drawing distinctively on theories of hegemony, tracks the shift from a Marxist-Leninist PKK in search of national self-determination in the s and s to new forms of de-centralized and democratic Kurdish activism by the s.
This is a rich and important book that studies several key struggles over housing, land, and settlement among Palestinians in Israel. It is distinctive for its use of concepts of space and hegemony, and tracks the extended efforts by Palestinians to carve out space against the many physical and abstract boundaries. Finally, for works exploring different forms of protest everyday modes of resistance, armed struggle, and non-violence , important works include:. Yazid Sayigh.
Armed Struggle and the Search for state: the Palestinian national movement This book is unsurpassed as an in-depth account of the Palestinian armed struggle, and notable for advancing an argument about the meaning and function of armed struggle in building up the institutions of a Palestinian state-in-waiting. Finally, an important exploration of non-violent resistance in the history of the Palestinians is:.
To my way of thinking, a number of core characteristics distinguish some of the most impressive and significant research in the field. The first of these is a belief in the importance of historical specificity. Tawfiq attempted to ease matters by appointing an Egyptian colonel, Ahmad 'Urabi, to be his war minister. On September 9, , 'Urabi, a group of native officers, and urban supporters marched up to Tawfiq's palace.
The French and British Controllers came out with Tawfiq to meet the demonstrators. Egypt would be governed by Egyptians, he proclaimed, which inspired the movement to take "Egypt for the Egyptians! The army threatened to withdraw support from Tawfiq unless he allowed the people some form of representative government and a constitution. Unwillingly, he agreed to give legislative powers to the Chamber of Deputies, an advisory council established by Khedive Isma'il. Wilfrid S. Blunt, a British observer, commented, "The three months which followed this notable event were the happiest time, politically, that Egypt has ever known" Blunt , p.
The Egyptians participated in their own government for the first time since the Persians conquered Egypt in b.
The European Controllers and the Ottoman sultan sided with the khedive against 'Urabi. The British were uneasy, worried that the Chamber of Deputies might repudiate the debt, abrogate the Dual Control, and encourage violence against Europeans and Egyptian Christians. In fact, 'Urabi's government met with religious scholars who signed a fatwa legal opinion stating that all Egyptians were brothers regardless of religion, but the British, fearing conflict, moved in ships to patrol the harbor of Alexandria. The presence of British ships contributed to rising tensions in Alexandria, which had a large European population.
On June 11, , the tensions climaxed. A fight in a Christian neighborhood turned into a riot that spread rapidly throughout the city. Homes were looted; parts of the city went up in flames. Europeans began to flee to the British ships. Bogdanov and Lenin: Epistemology and Revolution. David G. Rowley - - Studies in East European Thought 48 1 :1 - Egyptian Salafism in Revolution.
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